Vietnam to enforce two-child rule

Under the new rules couples would be penalised for having a third child

Under the new rules couples would be penalised for having a third child

The authorities in Vietnam plan to enforce a two-child policy in an attempt to control population growth.

They say it is needed to avoid putting a strain on public services in the country of 86 million people.

A similar policy was introduced in the 1960s, but it was relaxed in 2003 to encourage small families without making it illegal to have a third child.

Critics of the government plan have warned that a younger population is essential to Vietnam’s development.

Government statistics show that in the first nine months of this year, 93,000 babies were born to couples who already had two or more children.

If there is not [a sufficient] labour force as the population is aging, the country will face a lot of problems
Tran Thi Van
UNFPA Spokeswoman

Under current rules, married couples have largely been at liberty to chose how many children they want and when to have them.

But according to the deputy head of Vietnam’s General Office for Population and Family Planning, Duong Quoc Trong, these rules have been “so general that people haven’t understood it and have sometimes taken advantage of it”.

“The demographic boom is damaging the country’s sustainable development,” he said.

Future problems

Giang Nguyen, head of the BBC’s Vietnamese service, says that urban parents have felt increasingly able to have more children as their living standards have improved.

Moped drivers in Hanoi, Vietnam (28/10/2008)

Vietnam experienced a post-war population boom

For poorer parents, a large family can act as security in their old age in a country without universal state pensions, he adds.

The UN Population Fund (UNFPA) has said that Vietnam should reconsider the plans because “it will be difficult to increase the population again decades after”.

Vietnam currently has a population growth rate of 1.3%, which has remained largely unchanged for the past few years, according to the UN.

“In Vietnam now, life expectancy is rising, the fertility rate is decreasing and in the next 20 years, many people will be in the senior group,” said UNFPA spokeswoman Tran Thi Van.

“If there is not [a sufficient] labour force as the population is aging, the country will face a lot of problems.”

Certain groups would remain exempt from the new regulations, officials said, including ethnic minorities with low populations, and couples who were remarrying or had lost a child.

The proposals will be voted on by the National Assembly later this year. If they become law, parents would be penalised for having more than two children.

Officials have not yet said what the punishment would be, but they could include financial penalties or demotion at work.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7740407.stm

Vietnam to tighten 2-child rule

HANOI – COMMUNIST Vietnam, alarmed by its fast population growth of recent years, is planning to tighten up enforcement of its two-child policy, family planning officials said on Thursday.

The government worries that rising numbers are putting strain on education, health and other public services in the country of 86 million, about two thirds of whom are under 35, thanks to a post-war baby boom.

The one-party government first launched a two-child policy in the early 1960s, but this was relaxed in a 2003 ordinance that encouraged small families without making it illegal for families to have a third child.

That decree was ‘so general that people haven’t understood it and have sometimes taken advantage of it’, said Mr Duong Quoc Trong, deputy head of the government’s General Office for Population and Family Planning.

‘The demographic boom is damaging the country’s sustainable development.’

Many Vietnamese couples now have a third child – especially in families with two daughters, because of a long-standing belief that sons must care for their parents in old age and carry on the family name.

In the first nine months of this year, about 93,000 third-child births were registered in Vietnam – 10 per cent more than in the same period last year – according to official statistics.

This week the cabinet agreed on a draft amendment that would turn the two-child rule into law once it is passed by the National Assembly.

In the past Communist Party members have faced warnings, reprimands or expulsion for breaching the two-child rule, and citizens have been punished with pay cuts and other disciplinary measures at work.

Officials did not say what penalties may apply in future under the new law.

Some groups will be exempt, including members of ethnic minority groups with less than 10,000 people, said the state-run Vietnam News Agency.

Couples will also be allowed to ask for permission to have a third baby if one of their children is disfigured because of an accident or fatal disease. — AFP

http://www.straitstimes.com/Breaking%2BNews/SE%2BAsia/Story/STIStory_304702.html