Vietnam: Catholics on trial denied lawyer access

Lawyer says he has evidence of their innocence but is afraid proceedings will turn into a political show trial that will prevent acquittal. The Federation of Vietnamese Catholic Mass Media calls on Hanoi to respect its own laws.

Two of the eight Catholics set to go on trial for the Thai Ha parish land dispute have not been allowed to meet their lawyers, said one of them, Le Tran Luat. More importantly, he believes that the defendants are not likely to be acquitted despite their innocence because the trial is turning more and more into a political show trial.

During an interview with the BBC Mr Le said that he was able to meet only six of the eight people accused with “damaging state property and disorderly conduct” during their protests at Thai Ha parish.

The two defendants he was not able to see are Nguyen Thi Nhi, 46, and Ngo Thi Dung, 54. Both women are being held at Hoa Lo Prison, once known as the ‘Hanoi Hilton’ to US prisoners of war and now infamous for holding political prisoners. Access to this facility is generally limited.

“I was denied the permission to visit my clients there,” Mr Le said. However, even if he could see them, “prisoners are often forced to refuse any contact with their lawyers,” he added.

Those who do get to see their lawyers suffer mistreatment and punishment by prison guards.

For Mr Le from a legal point of view the charge of damaging state property is flawed because he has “enough evidence to prove that the land belongs to them [the parishioners].

In fact “the wall [they tore down] was built illegally on their land,” he said. And “they had every right to destroy it.” Hence the “government cannot charge them for damaging state property.”

In addition, the defendants prayed inside the place. “Praying is a solemn gesture,” the lawyer said. “How can it be interpreted as an act of ‘disorderly conduct’?”

Yet, despite his best efforts, “I cannot expect an acquittal verdict for my clients in this case,” he lamented.

“In my experience, in such a case, if defendants plead guilty as the government expects, they may get a tolerant verdict. Those who insist that they are not guilty will be sentenced more harshly [. . .], two and half or three years in jail.” But “I want to prove to public opinion that they actually are innocent,” Mr Le said.

Hanoi’s Redemptorist community, which oversees Thai ha Parish, is concerned about the fate of the two women, especially Ms Nguyen because she was targeted by vehement attacks in the state-run media for taking part in demonstrations over the former apostolic delegation compound.

Never the less, the eight Catholics’ trial is drawing international attention.

In Sydney the Federation of Vietnamese Catholic Mass Media has launched a worldwide appeal, calling on the Vietnamese government to “stop the media campaign against the Catholic clergy, their faithful, and the Church” and instead “respect its own law and return the property to its rightful owner.”

The appeal is signed among others by Mgr Peter Tai Van Nguyen, director of Radio Veritas Asia (Philippines); Fr John Nghi Tran, director of VietCatholic News Agency (United States); Fr Joachim Viet-Chau Nguyen Duc, director of People Of God Magazine in America; Fr Anthony Quang Huu Nguyen, director of People Of God Magazine in Australia; Fr Stephen Luu Thuong Bui, director of People Of God Magazine in Europe; and Fr Paul Van-Chi Chu, director of Gospel and Peace Radio, Sydney (Australia).

Bandmaster in the age of inflation

14:05′ 27/11/2008 (GMT+7)

The MoPI is responsible for designing annual economic development plans.

VietNamNet Bridge – “Today, I can say that the top goal – controlling inflation – has been realised. This judgment is not subjective, but very practical. If we don’t make that judgment and continue focusing on inflation, it would be terrible,” said Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung.

Dung made the above comment seven months after he signed a document setting forth seven groups of measures to control inflation and stabilise macroeconomics. But to get those measures required some effort.

In early months of the year, some cabinet members still wanted to maintain the goal of high economic growth, arguing that the Vietnamese economy got a boom in 2007, one year after joining the World Trade Organization (WTO), and this growth impetus needed to be maintained in 2008.

However, bad signs began to appear. The trade deficit of the first quarter was equivalent to that of the entire 2007; interest rates were much lower than inflation; there were wild fluctuations of exchange rates, etc. Identifying difficulties to change economic goals when optimistic thinking dominated was a great difficulty.

“At that time a question was posed: Is it necessary to set the goal of controlling inflation or still give priority to the goal of economic growth? That was a hard question,” the Prime Minister said during a meeting of officials of the Ministry of Planning and Investment (MoPI) last week.

The MoPI is responsible for designing annual economic development plans. The cooperation between this agency and others, especially the State Bank of Vietnam and the Ministry of Finance, sometimes was not very good, Minister Vo Hong Phuc admitted, leading to wrong assessments about the economy.

It was not until March 2008 that the MoPI received data about the total means of payment and outstanding debts in 2007, the main causes of high inflation, from the State Bank of Vietnam.

The data “scared” the Prime Minister, as Minister Phuc told the National Assembly in May.

At that time, some officials proposed assigning the task of designing social-economic development programmes to the Ministry of Finance and the State Bank of Vietnam, lessening the role of the MoPI. It is said that the Ministry of Finance and the State Bank of Vietnam “didn’t dare” accept this duty.

In that situation, a group of MoPI experts quietly designed a draft document on eight groups of solutions to curb inflation, including tightening monetary policies, reducing the trade deficit, etc.

The draft, after being considered by related ministries and approved by the Politburo and the National Assembly, was signed by the PM on April 17. A member of the compilation team said if the document had been issued much later, the current economic situation might have been very bad.

The PM re-confirmed the function of the MoPI as “a think-tank for social and economic development strategies of the country” in Decree 116 dated November 14, 2008.

Minister Phuc said the MoPI would try its best to carry out this role. The ministry is working on a plan to cope with economic slowdown next year to submit to the government later this month. One of the key measures may be stimulating investment and local consumption.

(Source: SGTT)